The Second Circuit And The Separation Of Powers: Limiting Judicial Scrutiny Of SEC Settlements

July 3, 2014  |  The Insider: White Collar Defense and Securities Enforcement

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated a widely publicized 2011 decision by U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff, which rejected a settlement between the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (“Citigroup”).  The settlement resolved allegations that Citigroup had misled investors in connection with the structuring and marketing of a fund holding assets that were linked to subprime securities.  The settlement called for a civil penalty of $285 million but did not include admissions of fact or liability by Citigroup. [...]

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